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Vector Resources

The Vector Resource materials within BEI Resources aims to support research to discover new ways to prevent the spread of disease. Vectors—organisms that transmit pathogens to hosts—include mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sand flies, black flies, tsetse flies, fleas, mites and certain freshwater snails.  BEI Resources currently supplies mosquitoes, ticks, reduviids, sand flies and snails to researchers. We are looking to expand the current resource to include all of the vectors above. 

Vector Resource CatalogVector Resource Links

Click on a Vector above to see catalog offerings. Click on the Vector Resource Catalog button to see ALL Vector Resources.

Inquiries regarding the availability of live fleas may be placed with Joe Hinnebusch at NIAID’s Rocky Mountain Laboratories.

Inquiries regarding Tsetse flies can be made to the Aksoy Lab at Yale School of Public Health.

Looking for Black Flies?  University of Georgia Entomology Department scientists maintain the world’s oldest established reproductively isolated research colony of black flies, Simulium vittatum Zetterstedt cytospecies IS-7.  The colony was initiated at Cornell University in 1981 and moved to UGA in 1991.  Contact Elmer Gray for details.

Tick Cell Lines can be obtained from ATCC. A number of tick cell lines are also available through The Tick Cell Biobank housed at the Pirbright Institute, UK.


Athropod Containment Assurance - Sand Flies


Methods in Anopheles Research Laboratory Manual.  This insectary / laboratory protocols and reference guide was orginally produced for MR4 by Mark Benedict and colleagues and is updated with new chapters and protocols (2014, 419 pages, 8.3MB).

Open the PDF link above directly in your network browser or right click (Windows users) and save to your local disk. The PDF contains bookmarks for navigation to individual chapters and sections.

Methods in Malaria Research, 6th Edition (2013), edited by Kirsten Moll, Inger Ljungström, Hedvig Perlmann, Artur Scherf and Mats Wahlgren. EVIMalaR, Glasgow, UK; BEI Resources/MR4, Manassas, VA USA (2013, 499 pp., 7.5MB).  This widely used laboratory manual is updated occasionally.  Open directly in your network browser or right click (Windows users) and save a bookmarked PDF copy to your local drive.  If you have protocols you would like to submit to BEI Resources / MR4 for posting on the web and for consideration in future editions of the Methods manuals, or have other comments or suggestions, please email

Sand Fly Maintenance Protocols from Walter Reed Army Institute For Research


Reduviids Snails Snails Ticks Sand Flies Mosquitoes Mosquitoes